Despite been known as a country with one of the largest coal reserves in the world, India is struggling to match the coal demand-supply equation, resulting in a power crisis in the country. From 100 million tonnes in 2012, India's coal imports are slated to touch 247 million tonnes by 2020, making it one of the largest coal importing countries in the world. So, what exactly is going wrong, given that the country is sitting on reserves of over 100 billion tonnes, adequate to meet the demand for alteast next 70-80 years? The answer is Operational Inefficiency in Coal India Ltd7 (CIL) mining operations, which is mainly on account of the low level of mechanization in the industry. It is anticipated that Coal India's improvement in efficiency will come only when the coal sector is opened for commercial mining because that is when Coal India will see its competitors in the mining space and that will force certain amount of market, a certain amount of improvements under market pressure. Coal India Ltd (CIL) lags international peers in productivity despite having a high proportion of open-cast mines.

India is home to 1,531 operating mines and produces 95 minerals – 4 fuel-related minerals, 10 metallic minerals, 23 non-metallic minerals, 3 atomic minerals and 55 minor minerals. India is the 2nd largest producer of coal. India is the 2nd largest crude steel producer in the world. Over 2030-31, crude steel demand/production forecasted to reach 255 MT. Per capita finished steel consumption also expected to rise to 158 kg by 2030-31 (from 74.1 kg in 2018). Coal demand is projected to grow from 955.26 MT in 2019-20 to 1.27 BT in 2023-24. The production level of important minerals in March 2020 were: Coal 958 lakh tonnes, Lignite 42 lakh tonnes, Natural gas (utilized) 2323 million cu. m., Petroleum (crude) 27 lakh tonnes, Bauxite 1634 thousand tonnes, Chromite 582 thousand tonnes, Copper conc. 11 thousand tonnes, Gold 153 kg, Iron ore 204 lakh tonnes, Lead conc. 26 thousand tonnes, Manganese ore 181 thousand tonnes, Zinc conc. 117 thousand tonnes, Apatite & Phosphorite 133 thousand tonnes, Limestone 272 lakh tonnes, Magnesite 8 thousand tonnes, and Diamond 3213 carat. 19 coal blocks were auctioned in 2020 for commercial mining. The total expected revenue from these mines is INR 6,656 cr with an average peak capacity of 51 MPTA.

Mining behemoth Coal India (CIL) has put the process of procuring various types and sizes of high-capacity heavy earth moving machinery (HEMM) on the fast track to press these into operation in its open cast mines as soon as possible. This move would bolster CIL’s production on the back of an investment of above Rs 7,000 crores. The long shopping list of machinery of the world’s largest coal-producing company includes rear dumpers of varying capacities ranging from 150 tonnes to 240 tonne, electric rope shovels of 20 cubic meters (CuM) and 42 CuM capacities, 15 CuM hydraulic face shovels, 10-12 CuM hydraulic shovels, 460 HP wheel dozers, and 850 HP crawler dozers. Tendering for very high-capacity draglines are also on the anvil. The total number of all types and sizes of HEMMs being procured exceeds 360. InfraInsights expects the wave of mechanization and automation in the mining sector to gain significant traction in India which will drive demand for HEMM in the mining sector. InfraInsights research report “Mining Equipment Market in India 2021 and 2025: A multibillion-dollar opportunity unlikely to fold as the mining sector is expected to show significant momentum”, aims to evaluate the overall opportunity and provide a quantitative assessment on demand for a different type of HEMM in the mining sector over next 5 years.

  1. Executive Summary
  2. Research Approach & Methodology
  3. Mining Industry in India
    1. Sector Overview
    2. Mining Sector & India’s GDP
    3. Distribution of Minerals in India
    4. Reserves
    5. Production of Select Minerals
      1. Fuel – Coal & Lignite
      2. Non-Fuel – Copper, Bauxite, Iron Ore, Lead, Zinc, Manganese Ore, Limestone
  4. Key Regulations & Policies in Mining Industry
    1. Governance
    2. National Policies, Acts, Rules & Regulations
  5. Public & Private Sector in Mining Industry in India
    1. Distribution of Mining Lease
    2. Mines & its distribution in India
    3. Key public & private sector companies
  6. Key Growth Drivers
    1. Commercial Mining
    2. Growth in infrastructure & other metals consuming sectors
  7. Mining Process & Technologies in India
    1. Open Cast & Underground Mining
    2. Mining Equipment technology and its classification
      1. Mine excavation equipment
      2. Underground transportation equipment
      3. Mineral washing and screening equipment
  8. Level of Mechanization in Mining Industry in India
    1. Level of mechanization - Coal
      1. Underground Mining
      2. Open cast mining
    2. Level of mechanization – Non-Coal
  9. Key Growth Drivers of Mining Industry in India
  10. Mining Equipment Fleet Overview in Major Mining Companies
  11. Mining Equipment Market (Drilling and Blasting, Loading, Hauling, Processing, Transporting) – Surface Miner, Rope Shovel, Hydraulic Excavator, Dumper, Dozer, Dump Trucks, Wheel Loader, Bucket Wheel Excavator, Drilling Equipment, LHD, SDL, Long Wall etc
    1. Market characteristics
    2. Companies geographical spread
    3. Market size in 2020-21: By value and volume
    4. Market size in 2020-21 by companies - by value and volume
    5. Market size in 2020-21 by equipment type - by value and volume
    6. Market size in 2020-21 by Open Cast (OC) & Underground (UG) Mining - by value and volume
    7. Market size in 2020-21 by end users - Government mines vs. Private mines
    8. Market size in 2020-21 by regions
  12. Capex planned by major mining companies in India
    1. Public Sector Companies – CIL, GMDC, NMDC, NLC
    2. Private companies – Hindalco, Hindustan Zinc, JSW, Tata Steel
  13. Projected demand for mining equipment in India by 2025
    1. Drilling & Blasting
    2. Hauling
    3. Loading
    4. Transporting & Process
  14. HEMM procurement planned by major mining companies in India
  15. Key factors that influence HEMM purchase in mining companies in India
    1. Type
    2. Brand
    3. Services / Solution bundling
  16. HEMM procurement practice in major mining companies in India
  17. Imports of HEMM for mining in India and evaluation of substitution

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