The total hydroelectric power potential in the country is assessed at about 1,50,000 MW equivalent to 84,000 MW at 60 percent load factor. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has created a database of potential sites of small hydro and 6,474 potential sites with an aggregate capacity of 19,749.44 MW for projects up to 25 MW capacity have been identified. Out of this potential, about 50 percent lies in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh. In the plain region Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Kerala have sizeable potential. SHP projects normally do not encounter the problems associated with large hydel projects of deforestation and resettlement. The projects have potential to meet power requirements of remote and isolated areas. These factors make small hydel as one of the most attractive renewable source of grid quality power generation.

The MNRE has taken a series of steps to promote development of SHP in a planned manner and improve reliability & quality of the projects. By giving various physical and financial incentives, investments have been attracted in commercial SHP projects apart from subsidizing state governments to set up small hydro projects. MNRE is giving special emphasis to promote use of efficient designs of water mills for mechanical as well as electricity generation and setting up of micro hydel projects for remote village electrification. Power generation in the state and eventually overall capacity addition in the country. Apart from this benefit, where the project is being developed there is a series of socio-economic activities in the project area which help in overall development of the area. Since the power project is a permanent asset in remote area, it also provides sustainable economic activity and employment opportunity. The other component of SHP programme is of decentralized power and energy generation through micro hydel and watermills. These applications have the potential of developing local entrepreneurs and meeting energy requirements of a village/community. A small/micro hydel project and watermills have the potential to provide sustainable economic strength to a village community.

The implementation of SHP projects is governed by state policies and the potential sites are allotted by the state governments to private developers. The process of allotment of sites by the states and statutory clearances including land acquisition, forest clearance, irrigation clearance etc. takes long time. The implementation of project is also affected due to difficult terrain and limited working season. The other problem relates to inadequate evacuation facilities and transmission links. The project monitoring system is inadequate. These reasons have resulted in the slow pace of addition of small hydro compared to other renewable energy sources like solar or wind.

The focus of the SHP programme is to lower the cost of equipment, increase its reliability and set up projects in areas which give the maximum advantage in terms of capacity utilization. There are about 28 Equipment Manufacturers of Small Hydro Power Turbine who fabricate almost the entire range and type of SHP equipment listed in MNRE. Manufacturers’ capacity is estimated at about 400 MW per year. InfraInsights, through its report aims to do a reality check on the demand environment and provide indispensable source of information and insights that can be baked into the business plants of different manufacturers and developers of SHPs in India.

  1. Executive Summary
  2. Approach & Methodology
  3. Small Hydropower (SHP) Landscape in India
    1. Potential of Small Hydro Power in India
    2. Installed SHP capacity
    3. Trend in growth of SHP capacity
  4. Regulations and Policies Driving Small Hydro Power in India
    1. Subsidy
    2. Tariff
  5. Grid connected vs off-grid SHP – Business Case
    1. Grid connected SHPs
    2. Off-Grid SHPs as part of microgrid
  6. Small Hydro Power Feed in Tariff across states
    1. Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh
    2. Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Kerala
  7. Evaluation of SHP tenders in different states
  8. Component of Hydro Power in Renewable Portfolio of different states in India
  9. Benchmarking Cost of SHPs
  10. Impact on SHP due to concentrated focus on Solar
  11. Permits & Clearances required to Setup SHP in India
  12. SHP in Micro-grid
  13. Proposed, Planned & Under Construction SHP Projects in India [Value & Volume]
    1. Project Location
    2. Project Details
    3. Project Developer
    4. Project Financiers
    5. Project Commission Date
    6. Project PPA
  14. Projected capacity of SHP in India by 2024-25
    1. By States
    2. By Type
  15. SHP value chain analysis
    1. Key OEMs
    2. Key Developers
  16. Small Hydro Turbine Market in India in 2018-19 and 2024-25
    1. By Capacity
    2. By Company
    3. By Region
    4. By turbine type [pelton, francis, turgo, Kaplan]
  17. Market for O&M services of SHPs in India
  18. Market for R&M of SHPs in India
    1. R&M SHP projects across India
  19. Estimating component demand by 2018-19
    1. Generators
    2. Transformers
    3. Valves
    4. Switchgear
    5. BoP

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